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$$^{254}$$Es標的を用いて生成する中性子過剰Fm領域核の自発核分裂の測定

Spontaneous fission measurements for nuclei around neutron-rich Fm region produced by using an $$^{254}$$Es target

浅井 雅人 ; 塚田 和明 ; 廣瀬 健太郎 ; 豊嶋 厚史; 富塚 知博; Chiera, N. M.; 伊藤 由太 ; 牧井 宏之  ; 永目 諭一郎; 西尾 勝久  ; Orlandi, R. ; Ratha, K. K.*; 佐藤 哲也  ; 鈴木 颯人*; 床井 健運; Vermeulen, M. J.; 柳原 陸斗; 西中 一朗*; 鎌田 祐生*; 柴田 理尋*; 後藤 真一*; 廣瀬 耀*; 林 裕晃*; 阪間 稔*

Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Hirose, Kentaro; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Tomitsuka, Tomohiro; Chiera, N. M.; Ito, Yuta; Makii, Hiroyuki; Nagame, Yuichiro; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Orlandi, R.; Ratha, K. K.*; Sato, Tetsuya; Suzuki, Hayato*; Tokoi, Katsuyuki; Vermeulen, M. J.; Yanagihara, Rikuto; Nishinaka, Ichiro*; Kamada, Hiroki*; Shibata, Michihiro*; Goto, Shinichi*; Hirose, Hikaru*; Hayashi, Hiroaki*; Sakama, Minoru*

$$^{256}$$Fm, $$^{258}$$Fm, $$^{259}$$Lrの自発核分裂の測定を、原子力機構タンデム加速器施設において$$^{254}$$Es標的を用いて行った。これら3核種は、非対称核分裂, 全運動エネルギー(TKE)の大きい対称核分裂、TKEの小さい対称核分裂という、それぞれ異なる核分裂特性を示し、そのメカニズムも大きく異なる。これらの違いがどのように生じるか、非常に興味深い。$$^{256,258}$$Fmは$$^{254}$$Es標的と$$^{18}$$Oビームを用いた多核子移行反応で合成し、$$^{259}$$Lrは$$^{248}$$Cm($$^{15}$$N,4n)融合蒸発反応で合成した。生成核をガスジェット結合型オンライン同位体分離装置で質量分離し、回転円盤型$$alpha$$・核分裂片測定装置に運んで測定した。実験で得られた核分裂片の質量数とTKEの分布から、$$^{256}$$Fm, $$^{258}$$Fm, $$^{259}$$Lrの自発核分裂のメカニズムの違いについて議論する。

Spontaneous fissions of $$^{256}$$Fm, $$^{258}$$Fm, and $$^{259}$$Lr have been measured using an $$^{254}$$Es target at the JAEA Tandem Accelerator Facility. These three nuclei show different fission properties: the asymmetric fission, the high total-kinetic-energy (TKE) symmetric fission, and the low TKE symmetric fission, and the mechanisms of these three fissions should be very different. It is of great interest to elucidate how these differences occur. We have produced $$^{256,258}$$Fm in multinucleon-transfer reactions with a $$^{254}$$Es target and $$^{18}$$O projectiles, and produced $$^{259}$$Lr in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{15}$$N,4n) fusion-evaporation reaction. The reaction products were mass-separated with a gas-jet-coupled on-line isotope separator, and were delivered into a rotating wheel alpha- and fission-fragment detection system. By comparing the mass and TKE distributions deduced from the present experimental data, we will discuss the differences in fission mechanism among $$^{256}$$Fm, $$^{258}$$Fm, and $$^{259}$$Lr.

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