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Chemical species of iodine during sorption by activated carbon; Effects of original chemical species and fulvic acids

活性炭に吸着したヨウ素の化学状態; フルボ酸の影響

加藤 友彰 ; 香西 直文  ; 田中 万也 ; Kaplan, D. I.*; 宇都宮 聡*; 大貫 敏彦

Kato, Tomoaki; Kozai, Naofumi; Tanaka, Kazuya; Kaplan, D. I.*; Utsunomiya, Satoshi*; Onuki, Toshihiko

本研究は、福島第一原子力発電所の汚染水処理施設において、地下水に一般的に含まれる天然有機物であるフルボ酸が、活性炭に吸着除去されると考えられる放射性ヨウ素の化学状態に及ぼす影響を検討した。フルボ酸が無い場合、活性炭に吸着したヨウ素の化学状態は変化しなかったが、ヨウ化物イオンはヨウ素酸イオンよりも活性炭に吸着しにくかった。フルボ酸がある場合、吸着したヨウ素酸イオンの一部がヨウ化物イオンに還元した。本研究結果は、使用済み吸着材の長期保管中にヨウ素酸イオンの還元が進行することを示唆する。

This study reports the effect of fulvic acids, which is a natural organic substance generally contained in groundwater, on the oxidation states of radioactive iodine anions (iodide and iodate). Iodide and iodate are contained in the contaminated water of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant and supposed to be removed by activated carbon (AC) via adsorption. When fulvic acids does not exist in the experimental system, the adsorption of iodide on AC was less than that of iodate and their oxidation states after the adsorption were not changed. When fulvic acids existed, a fraction of the adsorbed iodate was reduced to iodide. This result indicates that the reduction of the adsorbed iodate progresses during the storage of the spent AC.

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