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Evaluation of dose rate reduction in a spacecraft compartment due to additional water shield

宇宙飛行士寝室前面の水による線量減衰効果の評価

佐藤 達彦; 仁井田 浩二*; Shurshakov, V. A.*; Yarmanova, E. N.*; Nikolaev, I. V.*; 岩瀬 宏*; Sihver, L.*; Mancusi, D.*; 遠藤 章; 松田 規宏; 岩元 洋介; 中島 宏; 坂本 幸夫; 保田 浩志*; 高田 真志*; 中村 尚司*

Sato, Tatsuhiko; Niita, Koji*; Shurshakov, V. A.*; Yarmanova, E. N.*; Nikolaev, I. V.*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Sihver, L.*; Mancusi, D.*; Endo, Akira; Matsuda, Norihiro; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Sakamoto, Yukio; Yasuda, Hiroshi*; Takada, Masashi*; Nakamura, Takashi*

重イオン輸送計算コードは、宇宙船の遮へい効果を評価するために不可欠なツールである。そこで、われわれは、200GeVまでの粒子・重イオンの3次元空間における挙動を模擬できるシミュレーションコードPHITSを開発している。このPHITSを用いて、国際宇宙ステーション・ロシアサービスモジュール内における放射線環境を評価した。その結果、宇宙飛行士の寝室外壁に設置した水タオルは、線量を効果的に減衰することが明らかとなった。発表では、この評価結果も含め、PHITSの宇宙開発への適用例を紹介する。

HZE particle transport codes are the indispensable tool in the shielding design of spacecrafts. We are therefore developing a general-purpose Monte Carlo code PHITS, which can deal with the transports of all kinds of hadrons and heavy ions with energies up to 200 GeV/n in 3-dimensional phase spaces. The applicability of PHITS to space researches has been well verified by comparing the neutron spectra in spacecrafts calculated by the code with the corresponding experimental data. Recently, PHITS was employed in the estimation of radiation fields in the Russian Service Module in ISS. The results of the estimation indicate that PHITS can reproduce experimental data of the dose reduction rates due to water shielding attached on the wall of the Russian crew cabin fairly well. The details of the calculation procedures will be given in the presentation, together with the results of other applications of PHITS to the space exploration.

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パーセンタイル:41.21

分野:Engineering, Aerospace

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